Financial Analysts Journal 01 May 1990 Volume 46 Issue 3
A Shortfall Approach to the Creditor’s Decision: How Much Leverage Can a Firm Support?
About the Author(s)
Martin L. Leibowitz is a managing director on Morgan Stanley's Global Research Strategy team, responsible for producing studies on such topics as beta-based asset allocation, long/short equity strategies and the need for greater fluidity in policy portfolios. Prior to joining Morgan Stanley, Mr. Leibowitz was vice-chairman and chief investment officer of TIAA-CREF from 1995 to 2004, with responsibility for the management of more than $300 billion in equity, fixed income and real estate assets. Previously, he had a 26-year association with Salomon Brothers, where he became director of global research, covering both fixed income and equities. Mr. Leibowitz has written more than 150 articles on various financial and investment analysis topics and has been the most frequently published author in both the Financial Analysts Journal and the Journal of Portfolio Management. Ten of his articles have received the Graham and Dodd Award for excellence in financial writing. He also has written several books: his first, Inside the Yield Book, is considered an investment standard. The CFA Institute has presented him with three of its highest awards. Mr. Leibowitz received an AB and MS from the University of Chicago and a PhD in mathematics from the Courant Institute of New York University.